Foreign companies may set up business in India in any one of the following manners while retaining its status as the foreign company:
Liaison Offices – A foreign company can open a liaison office in India to look after its Indian operations, to promote its business interests, to spread awareness of the company’s products in addition to explore further placements. Liaison offices are not allowed to carry on any business or earn any income in India and all sorts of expenses are to be borne by remittances from abroad.
Project Offices – The project office is the ideal method for companies to establish a venture presence in India, if the object is to possess a presence for constrained period of any time. It is essentially a branch office fitted with the limited purpose for executing a specific problem. Foreign companies engaged in turnkey construction or installation normally set up a project office for their operations in India.
Branch Offices – Foreign companies involved in manufacturing and trading activities outside India may open branch offices for write-up of:
oRepresenting the parent company or other foreign companies a number of matters in India, like acting as buying and selling agents.
oConducting research, in which the parent company is engaged, provided the outcome of this research are made there for Indian companies
oUndertaking export and import trading activity.
oPromoting technical and financial collaborations between Indian and foreign companies.
Trading companies – Foreign companies may invest in trading companies engaged primarily in exports. Such trading companies are treated at par with domestic trading companies Online LLP Formation in India accordance with the trade policy.
The RBI accords automatic approval for foreign equity up to 51 per cent for setting up trading companies engaged primarily in exports. All other proposals, which do not meet the criteria for automatic approval, can be addressed to the Foreign Investment Promotion Board, i.e. “FIPB”.
Wholly owned subsidiaries – Foreign companies may set up a wholly owned subsidiary, which a good Indian Company by independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a wholly owned subsidiary can be established either the particular automatic route, if the conditions specified therein are complied with (specific high priority industries) or get an approval from the FIPB.
Joint venture companies – Foreign companies may set up a joint venture company i.e. economical collaboration with an Indian business house/company in India, could be an Indian Company with an independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a joint venture can be established either under the automatic route, if the circumstances specified therein are complied with or obtain an approval from the FIPB.
Foreign companies intending to construct any form of office already mentioned activities on behalf of the parent company or foreign trading companies in India for promotion of exports from India to be able to obtain an earlier approval for this Reserve Bank by submitting an application in the prescribed form to the Central Office of Reserve Bank. On approval for these cases, permission is granted initially for your period of three years, foreclosures the condition that expenses of such office in order to met exclusively out of inward remittances; such offices are not permitted produce any income in In india.